*BUKA 05 25 890 S 154 40 380 E Bougainville Buka Township is on Buka Island separated by a passage from the mainland which flows up to 6 knots. After holding out for years on poor supplies, the Japanese surrendered in 1945 when allied troops were approaching the Selau peninsula on nearby Bougainville. In early April 1945, the 26th Bn was relieved by the 55th/53rd Bn. They must represent the interests of their clan. The latter is split into two dialects in Buka Island: Hanahan Halia spoken along the east coast from Buka Passage (known locally as Ieta) to Tohatsi and Haku, spoken in the north coast villages from Elutupan to Lontis. Contemporary sorcery is understood to be a different kind. Large wooden slit-gongs are kept there, and struck to call meetings, announce funerals, deaths and other village events. Traditionally, women chiefs have little overt authority, although they are extremely well respected. Buka Island is the second largest island in the Autonomous Region of Bougainville, in eastern Papua New Guinea. Halia and Haku speakers easily understand each other, Selau is a more distant dialect. This aircraft is returning from bombing Buka Island and is on its way to bomb Shortland Harbor at opposite the end of Bougainville: Diagram of torpedo damage to USS Northampton sustained in the Battle of Tassafaronga that caused the ship to sink. Geographically, Bougainville is the largest of the Solomon Islands, located near the northern end of that chain.Bougainville is 75 miles (120 km) long and 40–60 miles (65–95 km) wide. Murray 2001, pp. The east coast is the windward side for most of the year, and is characterised by a coastal cliff that rises close to the ocean, leaving only a narrow and often rocky beach. Geographical Studies Collection. This poses a problem for the island's residents, especially during the dry season, when water is collected by villagers from 'kukubui' springs along the foot of the cliffs. L'archipel Bismarck est un groupe d'îles au large de la Nouvelle-Guinée dans le sud-ouest de l'océan Pacifique, nommé en l'honneur du chancelier allemand Otto von Bismarck et appartenant à la Papouasie-Nouvelle-Guinée. cartographic. Buka Island, island of Papua New Guinea in the Solomon Sea, southwestern Pacific Ocean.Geographically, Buka is one of the northern Solomon Islands and lies northwest of Bougainville Island, from which it is separated by the deep, narrow Buka Passage, which ranges from about 980 to 3,500 feet (300 to 1,070 metres) wide.With Bougainville and several island groups, it forms the … Please … All languages spoken by the indigenous population of Buka are part of the North Bougainvillean Austronesian group of languages. Type. This sorcery was public and the paraphernalia used to effect it was displayed at the tsuhana as a sign of high rank. There is a guest house there. Although tsunono are in theory genealogically determined, in practice the rule is often broken. Explore, access, and engage with Monash University Library's digitised Special Collections The present inhabitants speak languages that are from the eastward push of Austronesian languages of the Lapita Culture complex, some 2,700 years ago. Hundreds of pages of neat handwriting describing the nun’s day to day life on Buka Island in Bougainville including a description of how Jack Read got them out to safety. No known copyright. There are clans, which trace common descent and will occasionally act as corporate entities. After World War II, it was occupied by the Japanese from 1942 to 1945, was included in the United Nations (UN) Trust Territory of New Guinea, and became part of Papua New Guinea when it gained its independence in 1975. The construction of a tsuhana is an elaborate process, though the actual building is usually quite humble. Saint Mary is understood as a chiefly woman, a teitahol or tuhikau. This relationship is not irrevocable, and requires the assent of other tsunono. They show some affinity to the languages of Nissan Island and New Ireland and are part of the Melanesian branch of the Austronesian language family. [3] The campaign ended with the surrender of Japanese forces in August 1945. Sunahan is a creator figure from Buka tradition, and the stories concerning him are secret. Reagan A.J and Griffin, J.M (eds) 2005 Bougainville Before the Conflict. Success in horticulture, fighting and, of course, all things sexual began constructing number... Rivers and traded forest products and taro with the body of the beautiful wonders the! Be regarded as powerful and authoritative of the sub-clan and its Allies as West coast islanders to... 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